In the second half of book 3 of the Republic, Plato lays out the controversial theory of mimesis, which states that all art, man-made objects, and cultural products in our environment have profound effects on the health of our souls.
Following Socrates' claim that the ideal republic should be ruled by a class of 'guardians,' the question arises: Who or what will keep these guardians in check?
Our exploration of Plato's Republic continues with this discussion of book 2 with philosopher Rachel Barney. Is the fear of God necessary for morality? How can you educate people so that they value and practice justice?
Rome conquered the world without a professional army, relying instead on its citizens to take up arms when necessary. How did Rome's part-time soldiers defeat all the great powers of ancient Mediterranean?